White-tailed Deer

Found throughout Texas.

White-tailed Deer are herbivores, eating forbs (leafy plants), browse (woody plants), grasses, fruits and nuts.

Males grow a new set of antlers each year.

Age of a deer is determined by looking at the teeth, not the points on the antlers.

Mallard

Mallards live in almost any wetland habitat in urban and rural areas of Texas.

In most of Texas, they migrate and spend their winter here.

These are dabbling ducks, meaning they tip forward to feed on underwater plants. During breeding season, they eat earthworms, snails and aquatic insect larvae.

Where is my good friend SMOKEY?

Black Bear

One of Texas’ large mammals.

This omnivore eats fruits, nuts, roots, insects, and small mammals.

Adults can be 5-6 feet long and weigh 200-300 pounds.

Found mostly from west to central Texas, and could be making a comeback in east Texas.

The Black Bear is listed on the state’s endangered species list as threatened.

Trees protect and hold soil in place.

This keeps the soil from washing into streams,
lakes and other surface waters. Follow a water
cycle in the forest.

Trees increase the amount of water that is
absorbed and stored in the ground, slowing storm water runoff and recharging groundwater aquifers.
They filter pollutants before they enter waterways, helping to protect aquatic ecosystems, drinking water supplies, and reducing water treatment costs.

Trees protect and hold soil in place. This keeps the soil from washing into streams, lakes and other surface waters. Follow a water cycle in the forest.





How many other tree products can you list?

Northern Cardinal

Found in neighborhoods and shrubby forested edges.

They eat mainly seeds and fruit, with some insects.

Northern Cardinals stay low in shrubs and forage on or near the ground. Then move high to sing.

Red-shouldered Hawk

This hawk is diurnal, active during the day, and feeds on small mammals, birds, snakes, fish, or lizards.

Found in the eastern half of Texas in woodlands near rivers and streams.

Their call is distinctive, a whistling kee-rah.

Red-cockaded Woodpecker

They roost and nest in holes in live pine trees, which is different from other woodpeckers that use dead trees.

When creating a cavity, birds peck around the hole to get the sap dripping. This keeps predators like snakes away.

Found in the Pineywoods of east Texas. You can see Red-cockaded woodpeckers at the W.G. Jones and I.D. Fairchild State Forests.

This woodpecker is listed on the state’s endangered species list as endangered.

Armadillo

Texas’ state small mammal.

This insect eating mammal has a bony shell that protects if from attacks by predators.

Found in all but far west Texas.

Armadillos dig for food and won’t live where the soil is too hard to dig.

Eastern Box Turtle

Another name is the Three-toed Box Turtle.

Found mostly in east Texas in woodlands, sometimes along forest edges and fields.

Texas Nature Trackers is looking for any sightings. Turn in information about box turtles you see on a report form, www.tpwd.state.tx.us/boxturtles/

Raccoon

Found throughout Texas, in wooded areas near streams and urban areas with plenty of food, shelter, and water.

Raccoons are nocturnal and sleep in den trees during the day.

They are smart and curious, have good sight and hearing.

This omnivore eats fruits, nuts, insects, fish, eggs, garbage, and other small animals.

 
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